File Name: rules of direct and indirect speech .zip
- Direct and Indirect Speech Rules in Urdu PDF Download
- Rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech
- Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu
- Narration Rules Chart Pdf - Direct And Indirect Narration Rule Chart Pdf Download
Direct and Indirect Speech Rules in Urdu PDF Download
Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. All inverted commas or quotation marks are omitted and the sentence ends with a full stop.
The Pronoun is changed in Person. Present Tense is changed to Past. When the reporting or principal verb is in the Past Tense, all Present tenses of the direct are changed into the corresponding Past Tenses. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. Indirect Speech is introduced by some verbs like ordered, requested, advised and suggested.
The imperative mood is changed into the Infinitive. Indirect Speech is introduced by some words like grief, sorrow, happiness, applaud. Exclamatory sentence changes into assertive sentence and Interjections are removed. I am undone. Words expressing nearness in time or place in Direct Speech are generally changed into words expressing distance in Indirect Speech. Now -- then. Ago -- before. This -- that. These -- those. Come -- go. The words that are actually spoken should be enclosed in quotes and begin with a capital letter.
Comma, full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark must be present at the end of reported sentences and are placed inside the closing inverted comma or commas. If direct speech comes after the information about who is speaking, comma is used to introduce the piece of speech, placed before the first inverted comma. Use the reporting verb, "say" or "said to" in its correct tense.
Remove the conjunctions "that, to, if or whether etc" wherever necessary. Insert quotation marks, question mark, exclamation and full stop, as per the mood of the sentence. Write the first word of the statement with capital letter. Change the past tense into present tense wherever the reporting verb is in the past tense.
Convert the past perfect either into past tense or present perfect as found necessary. Each of the following sentences will contain a mistake in the usage of Direct and Indirect Speech. See if you can spot that mistake. Indirect: He said that she was coming this week to discuss this. Indirect: He said that she was coming that week to discuss it. Indirect: He asked them whether they would come for dinner.
Indirect: The old man exclaimed with sorrow that he was ruined. As a gesture of support, please follow us on Facebook and YouTube.
Rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech
Go through the article carefully. Below are the rules for changing such sentences in indirect speech:. In such sentences, order, request, advice or negative command is given. The given sentence is in interrogative form. To convert such sentences into indirect narration, the below rules are followed:. Karthick Subbiah Apr 11, Lithin Thomas Apr 13,
Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. All inverted commas or quotation marks are omitted and the sentence ends with a full stop. The Pronoun is changed in Person. Present Tense is changed to Past. When the reporting or principal verb is in the Past Tense, all Present tenses of the direct are changed into the corresponding Past Tenses. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change.
We often have to give information about what people say or think. In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too.
The following rules should be followed while converting an indirect speech to direct speech: Use the reporting verb such as (say, said to) in its correct tense. Put a comma before the statement and the first letter of the statement should be in capital letter.
Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu
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She said that she worked in a hospital. They said that they played Football.
Narration Rules Chart Pdf - Direct And Indirect Narration Rule Chart Pdf Download
Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made.
Direct and Indirect Speech. We can report the words of a speaker in two ways:. By repeating the exact words used by the speaker. By reporting only the material of what he said.
Rules for converting a simple sentence from direct speech to indirect speech
Study these indirect sentences of upper direct sentences. There are two ways in which the words of a speaker can be reported:. We may quote the actual words used by the speaker. This is called Direct Narration or Direct Speech. We may have the substance of the words used by the speaker and not his actual words. This is called Indirect Narration or Indirect Speech.
У меня чутье. У нее чутье. Ну вот, на Мидж снова что-то нашло. - Если Стратмор не забил тревогу, то зачем тревожиться. - Да в шифровалке темно как в аду, черт тебя дери. - Может быть, Стратмор решил посмотреть на звезды.
Прими аспирин. - Не помассируешь мне спину? - Он надулся. Мидж покачала головой.
- И он начал отсчитывать купюры. Глядя, как он шелестит деньгами, Меган вскрикнула и изменилась в лице, по-видимому ложно истолковав его намерения. Она испуганно посмотрела на вращающуюся дверь… как бы прикидывая расстояние.
Танкадо посмотрел на женщину, поднеся исковерканные пальцы прямо к ее лицу, как бы умоляя понять. Кольцо снова блеснуло на солнце. Женщина отвернулась.
Еще чуть-чуть, подумал. Такси следовало за Беккером, с ревом сокращая скорость. Свернув, оно промчалось через ворота Санта-Крус, обломав в узком проезде боковое зеркало.
Иными словами, это червь со своими пристрастиями. Бринкерхофф открыл рот, собираясь что-то сказать, но Фонтейн движением руки заставил его замолчать. - Самое разрушительное последствие - полное уничтожение всего банка данных, - продолжал Джабба, - но этот червь посложнее.
Беккер достал из кармана пять ассигнаций по десять тысяч песет и протянул мотоциклисту. Итальянец посмотрел на деньги, потом на свою спутницу. Девушка схватила деньги и сунула их в вырез блузки.
Потрясающе, - страдальчески сказал директор. - У вас, часом, нет такой же под рукой. - Не в этом дело! - воскликнула Сьюзан, внезапно оживившись.
Беккер искал какой-нибудь перекресток, любой выход, но с обеих сторон были только запертые двери. Теперь он уже бежал по узкому проходу.