non verbal communication definition and examples pdf

Non Verbal Communication Definition And Examples Pdf

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Nonverbal communication is colorful and full of intrigue. In every personal encounter, we send and receive nonverbal communication cues whether we realize it or not. Even though we only have one face, it can exhibit a wealth of expressions.

This article, the third of a six-part series on communication skills, discusses body language and non-verbal communication. Citation: Ali M Communication skills 3: non-verbal communication. It is impossible not to communicate in an interaction.

Nonverbal Communication Skills: Definition and Examples

The nonverbal way is the most commonly used communication medium in the world in culture. Instead of written or oral words , it relies on various non-verbal cues like physical movements, tasks, colors, signs, symbols, signals charts, etc. Although no word is used in non-verbal communication, it can effectively communicate many human feelings more accurately than verbal methods of communication. Eye contact, an important channel of interpersonal communication , helps regulate the flow of communication.

And it signals interest in others. Teachers who make eye contact open the flow of communication and convey interest, concern, warmth, and credibility.

The face is an important communicator. It is commonly said that the face is the index of the mind. It expresses the type of emotions or feelings such as joy, love, interest, sorrow, anger, annoyance, confusion, enthusiasm, fear, hatred surprise, and uncertainty.

Facial expressions are indicated through the mouth open, wide or closed , eyelids raised or lowered , nose wrinkled or relaxed , cheeks drawn up or back and the forehead lowered or raised. Within the facial area, eyes are especially effective for indicating attention and interest.

However, interpretations of facial expressions differ from culture to culture. Thus, if you smile frequently you will be perceived as more likable, friendly, warm and approachable. Head nods, a form of gestures, communicate positive reinforcement to students and indicate that you are listening.

Gestures are movements of the arms, legs, hands, and head. For example, in Europe, raising thumb is used to convey that someone has done something excellent while in Bangladesh the same gesture means something idiotic. Standing erect, but not rigid, and leaning slightly forward communicates to students that you are approachable, receptive and friendly.

Speaking with your back turned or looking at the floor or ceiling should be avoided; it communicates disinterest to your class. Body language is another widely recognized form of non-verbal communication. Body movements can convey meanings and messages. Body language may take two forms of unconscious movements and consciously controlled movements. When a person is bored, he may gaze around the room rather than look at the speaker or he may shift positions frequently.

When a person is nervous, he may bite his nails or mash hair. These are usually made unconsciously. On the other hand, leaning forward toward the speaker to express interest is the case of conscious body movements.

Space and distance are significant non-verbal tools in the case of organizational communication. Distance is another communication tool, which expresses the degree of intimacy and individual acceptance.

Some of these are:. Typically, in large college classes space invasion is not a problem. There is usually too much distance. Increasing proximity enables you to make better eye contact and increases the opportunities for students to speak. One of the major criticisms is of instructors who speak in a monotone. Listeners perceive these instructors as boring and dull.

Students report that they learn less and lose interest more quickly when listening to teachers who have not learned to modulate their voices. Humor is often overlooked as a teaching tool, and it is too often not encouraged in college classrooms.

Laughter releases stress and tension for both instructor and student. You should develop the ability to laugh at yourself and encourage students to do the same. It fosters a friendly environment that facilitates learning. Creating a climate that facilitates learning and retention demands good nonverbal and verbal skills.

By touching, one can express a wide range of emotions. However, the accepted modes of touch vary depending on the gender, age, relative status, intimacy and cultural background of the persons.

For example, in the context of our culture, when one touches you from the back of the examination hall, your understanding is that he wants to know something. In a classroom, silence indicates that students are listening carefully and attentively.

In the same way, through silence one can communicate his lack of interest or a failure to understand. For example, silence often indicates that a person receiving instruction does not understand the action required or sometimes silence indicates consent. Appearance is also an important non-verbal communication tool. Appearance includes dress, hair, jewelry, makeup, belt buckles and so on.

Appearance indicates the degree of importance or interest a person conveys to an occasion. Through uniform, we can identify a student, a doctor, a lawyer, a police officer, etc. As an example, workers may wear different clothes when they are on strike than they do when they are working. A symbol is something that represents an idea, a physical entity or a process but is distinct from it. The purpose of a symbol is to communicate meaning. On a map, a picture of a tent might represent a campsite.

Numerals are symbols for numbers. Personal names are symbols representing individuals. A red rose symbolizes love and compassion. Thus, communication that occurs through facial expression, personal appearance, gesture, posture, printed picture, sign, signal, symbol, map, poster, slide, chart, diagram, graph, etc. Some important points expressing the importance, necessity, advantages or functions of non-verbal communication are discussed below:.

Various non-verbal cues of the speaker like physical movements, facial expression, a way of expression, etc. For example, the facial expression of the speaker indicates his attitude, determination depth of knowledge, etc.

Sometimes the appearance of the listeners and receivers conveys their attitudes, feelings, and thoughts regarding the messages they have read or heard. Clothing, hairstyle, neatness, jewelry, cosmetics, and stature of people convey impressions regarding their occupation, age, nationality, social or economic level, job status, etc.

Non-verbal cues also help to determine the relative status of persons working in an organization. For example, room size, location, furnishings, decorations, lightings, etc. In some cases, non-verbal cues can effectively express many true messages more accurately than those of any other method of communication.

For example; the use of red, yellow and green lights and the use of various signs in controlling vehicles on the roads. For example; the language of communication with the deaf depends on the movements of the hands, fingers, and eyeballs. Communication with illiterate people through written media is impossible.

There may also be some situations that do not allow the use of oral media to communicate with them. In such situations, non-verbal methods like pictures, colors, graphs, signs, and symbols are used as the media of communication.

For example; to indicate danger we use red sign and to mean dangerous we use a skull placed between two pieces of bone put in a crosswise fashion.

Non-verbal cues like sign and symbol can also communicate some messages very quickly than written or oral media. For example; when drivers of a running vehicle are to be communicated that the road ahead is narrow or there is a turn in the road ahead, we generally use signs or symbols rather than using any written or oral message.

Sometimes quantitative information on any issue may require a lengthy written message. But this quantitative information can be presented easily and precisely through tables, graphs, charts, etc. To improve your nonverbal skills, record your speaking on videotape.

Then ask a colleague in communications to suggest refinements. Non-verbal communication can take many forms depending on the situation, the ability of communicators, etc. According to one estimate, there are more than 0. The most common forms of non-verbal communication are as follows.

The impact of the teachers’ non-verbal communication on success in teaching

The nonverbal way is the most commonly used communication medium in the world in culture. Instead of written or oral words , it relies on various non-verbal cues like physical movements, tasks, colors, signs, symbols, signals charts, etc. Although no word is used in non-verbal communication, it can effectively communicate many human feelings more accurately than verbal methods of communication. Eye contact, an important channel of interpersonal communication , helps regulate the flow of communication. And it signals interest in others. Teachers who make eye contact open the flow of communication and convey interest, concern, warmth, and credibility. The face is an important communicator.

4.2 Types of Nonverbal Communication

Body language is the use of physical behavior, expressions, and mannerisms to communicate nonverbally, often done instinctively rather than consciously. All of your nonverbal behaviors—the gestures you make, your posture, your tone of voice, how much eye contact you make—send strong messages. In some instances, what comes out of your mouth and what you communicate through your body language may be two totally different things. When faced with such mixed signals, the listener has to choose whether to believe your verbal or nonverbal message. However, by improving how you understand and use nonverbal communication, you can express what you really mean, connect better with others, and build stronger, more rewarding relationships.

According to Indeed data, communication skills consistently ranked among the top skills most commonly listed in new job postings by employers in Having strong communication skills is essential for building both personal and professional relationships. There are two predominant types of communication: verbal and nonverbal.

4.1 Principles and Functions of Nonverbal Communication

Why is important? Your nonverbal communication skills can create a positive or a negative impression.

Nonverbal Communication: Definition, Types, Importance (Explained)

Non-verbal communication skills, also called sign language or silent language, include all behaviors performed in the presence of others or perceived either consciously or unconsciously. Considering the research method, i. In this study, we did not encode the articles. The results of this revealed that there was a strong relationship among the quality, amount and the method of using non-verbal communication by teachers while teaching. Under non-verbal communication, some other patterns were used. It seems necessary for the teachers to practice and learn effective communication skills, especially for those who always interact with a large group of students. One of the factors contributing to the success or failure of students is the quality of the relationship and how the teacher builds this relationship with students.

Interpersonal Skills:. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. However, interpersonal communication is much more than the explicit meaning of words, and the information or message that they convey.

Just as verbal language is broken up into various categories, there are also different types of nonverbal communication. As we learn about each type of nonverbal signal, keep in mind that nonverbals often work in concert with each other, combining to repeat, modify, or contradict the verbal message being sent. Specifically, this section will outline the use of gestures, head movements and posture, eye contact, and facial expressions as nonverbal communication. There are three main types of gestures: adaptors, emblems, and illustrators Andersen, Adaptors are touching behaviors and movements that indicate internal states typically related to arousal or anxiety. Adaptors can be targeted toward the self, objects, or others.


Common Examples of Nonverbal Communication. 1. Gestures: Movements of our hands, arms, and head tell a lot about how we feel about an issue, what.


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3 Comments

  1. Kamostcite1972

    monplace, for example, to hear that nonverbal communication comprises. 70 to 90 per cent of our communication and that spoken words.

    19.04.2021 at 08:01 Reply
  2. Cerys T.

    Oral communication only relies on one channel, because spoken language is transmitted through sound and picked up by our ears.

    22.04.2021 at 10:22 Reply
  3. Liboria A.

    Provide examples of the functions of nonverbal communication. As you'll To further define nonverbal communication, we need to distinguish between vocal communication, but you can think of this chapter as a training manual to help.

    23.04.2021 at 03:58 Reply

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