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There are 6 types of network topology — Bus topology, Ring topology, Star topology, Mesh topology, Tree topology and Hybrid topology. Read: Line Configuration in Computer Networks. In a computer network , there are 6 different types of network topology.

Ask a Question. Learn: What are Network topologies? In this article we will see the various types of Network topologies with their advantages and disadvantages. Submitted by Abhishek Jain , on August 11, Network topology refers to the arrangement of computers connected in a network through some physical medium such as cable, optical fiber etc. Topology generally determines the shape of the network. The various types of network topologies are as follows :.

Ring Topology may be a network configuration where device connections create a circular data path. In this each device is connected to with its exactly two neighboring devices, like points on a circle which forms like a ring structure. A number of repeaters are used for Ring topology with a large number of nodes to send data and to prevent data loss repeaters are used in this network. Together, devices during a ring topology are mentioned as a hoop network. In this packets travels from from one device to another until they reach the desired destination. In this data travels in unidirectional forms means in only one direction but it can also do bidirectional by having 2 connections between each Network Node, it is called Dual Ring Topology. Attention reader!

Network Topology is the schematic description of a network arrangement, connecting various nodes sender and receiver through lines of connection. Bus topology is a network type in which every computer and network device is connected to single cable. When it has exactly two endpoints, then it is called Linear Bus topology. It is called ring topology because it forms a ring as each computer is connected to another computer, with the last one connected to the first. Exactly two neighbours for each device. In this type of topology all the computers are connected to a single hub through a cable. This hub is the central node and all others nodes are connected to the central node.

The physical topology of a network refers to the configuration of cables, computers, and other peripherals. Physical topology should not be confused with logical topology which is the method used to pass information between workstations. Logical topology was discussed in the Protocol chapter. The following sections discuss the physical topologies used in networks and other related topics. A linear bus topology consists of a main run of cable with a terminator at each end See fig. All nodes file server, workstations, and peripherals are connected to the linear cable.

In this guide we will also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of network topology.

Topology defines the structure of the network of how all the components are interconnected to each other. There are two types of topology: physical and logical topology. CSMA: It is a media access control used to control the data flow so that data integrity is maintained, i. There are two alternative ways of handling the problems that occur when two nodes send the messages simultaneously.

A network topology refers to the way in which nodes in a network are connected to one another. The network structure defines how they communicate. Each kind of arrangement of the network nodes has its own advantages and disadvantages. Here we tell you about the same. Network topologies describe the ways in which the elements of a network are connected.

Network topology is the description of the arrangement of nodes e. No matter how identical two organizations are, no two networks are exactly alike. However, many organizations are relying on well-established network topology models.

#### RING Topology

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The way in which devices are interconnected to form a network is called network topology.