# Difference Between Ac And Dc Current Pdf

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## Difference Between Alternating Current (AC) & Direct Current (DC)

Most of the examples dealt with so far, and particularly those utilizing batteries, have constant voltage sources. Once the current is established, it is thus also a constant. Direct current DC is the flow of electric charge in only one direction. It is the steady state of a constant-voltage circuit. Most well-known applications, however, use a time-varying voltage source. Alternating current AC is the flow of electric charge that periodically reverses direction.

Electricity flows in two ways: either in an alternating current AC or in a direct current DC. Electricity or "current" is nothing but the movement of electrons through a conductor, like a wire. The difference between AC and DC lies in the direction in which the electrons flow. In DC, the electrons flow steadily in a single direction, or "forward. A magnetic field near a wire causes electrons to flow in a single direction along the wire, because they are repelled by the negative side of a magnet and attracted toward the positive side. This is how DC power from a battery was born, primarily attributed to Thomas Edison's work.

## Alternating current

Alternating current AC is an electric current which periodically reverses direction and changes its magnitude continuously with time in contrast to direct current DC which flows only in one direction. Alternating current is the form in which electric power is delivered to businesses and residences, and it is the form of electrical energy that consumers typically use when they plug kitchen appliances , televisions, fans and electric lamps into a wall socket. A common source of DC power is a battery cell in a flashlight. The abbreviations AC and DC are often used to mean simply alternating and direct , as when they modify current or voltage. The usual waveform of alternating current in most electric power circuits is a sine wave , whose positive half-period corresponds with positive direction of the current and vice versa. In certain applications, like guitar amplifiers , different waveforms are used, such as triangular waves or square waves.

## Alternating Current (AC) vs. Direct Current (DC)

Alternating current AC electricity is the type of electricity commonly used in homes and businesses throughout the world. While direct current DC electricity flows in one direction through a wire, AC electricity alternates its direction in a back-and-forth motion. The direction alternates between 50 and 60 times per second, depending on the electric system of the country. What is special about AC electricity is that the voltage can be readily changed, thus making it more suitable for long-distance transmission than DC electricity. But also, AC can employ capacitors and inductors in electronic circuitry, allowing for a wide range of applications.

However, the two appear to be more recently coming together to exist in harmony. Alternating and reversing direction 60 times per second 50 in Europe , AC current could be converted to different voltages more easily using a transformer. However, in recent years, DC has seen a bit of a renaissance.

When the electricity was invented many changes have taken place over the years. The dark planet turned into a planet of lights.

### Alternating Current (AC) Electricity

The conducting materials have free electrons which move from one atom to another when the potential difference is applied across them. This flow of electrons in a closed circuit is called current. On the basis of the direction of movement of electrons in a closed circuit, the electric current is mainly classified into two types, i. One of the major differences between the alternating and direct current is that in alternating current the polarity and the magnitude of the current changes at the regular interval of time whereas in direct current it remains constants.

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19.09.2020 at 12:08

1. Tilorrefer

in a DC circuit the current always flows in the same direction In an AC circuit the current reverses direction fact that the current reverses makes no difference​.