Turning Computing Machinery And Intelligence Paper Pdf
File Name: turning computing machinery and intelligence paper .zip
Copeland finds an anticipation of the test in the writings of the Cartesian de Cordemoy. In the Discourse , Descartes says:.
- Machines, minds and computers
- The History of Artificial Intelligence
- Computing Machinery and Intelligence A.M. Turing
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Machines, minds and computers
In the first half of the 20 th century, science fiction familiarized the world with the concept of artificially intelligent robots. By the s, we had a generation of scientists, mathematicians, and philosophers with the concept of artificial intelligence or AI culturally assimilated in their minds. One such person was Alan Turing, a young British polymath who explored the mathematical possibility of artificial intelligence. This was the logical framework of his paper, Computing Machinery and Intelligence in which he discussed how to build intelligent machines and how to test their intelligence. Unfortunately, talk is cheap.
Anyone can learn for free on OpenLearn, but signing-up will give you access to your personal learning profile and record of achievements that you earn while you study. Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available. This is a course about artificial intelligence. The aim of artificial intelligence is simply this: to build intelligent machines. This goal seems ambitious enough and is certainly easy to state.
The History of Artificial Intelligence
The paper, published in in Mind , was the first to introduce his concept of what is now known as the Turing test to the general public. Turing's paper considers the question "Can machines think? Rather than trying to determine if a machine is thinking, Turing suggests we should ask if the machine can win a game, called the " Imitation Game ". The original Imitation game that Turing described is a simple party game involving three players. Player A is a man, player B is a woman and player C who plays the role of the interrogator can be of either sex.
Since the invention of computers or machines, their capability to perform various tasks went on growing exponentially. Humans have developed the power of computer systems in terms of their diverse working domains, their increasing speed, and reducing size with respect to time. A branch of Computer Science named Artificial Intelligence pursues creating the computers or machines as intelligent as human beings. Artificial Intelligence is a way of making a computer, a computer-controlled robot, or a software think intelligently , in the similar manner the intelligent humans think. AI is accomplished by studying how human brain thinks, and how humans learn, decide, and work while trying to solve a problem, and then using the outcomes of this study as a basis of developing intelligent software and systems. Thus, the development of AI started with the intention of creating similar intelligence in machines that we find and regard high in humans. Artificial intelligence is a science and technology based on disciplines such as Computer Science, Biology, Psychology, Linguistics, Mathematics, and Engineering.
Computing Machinery and Intelligence A.M. Turing
Artificial intelligence AI , the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience. Since the development of the digital computer in the s, it has been demonstrated that computers can be programmed to carry out very complex tasks—as, for example, discovering proofs for mathematical theorems or playing chess —with great proficiency.
The Turing Test Sourcebook:. Stevan Harnad. I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think? Turing starts on an equivocation.
Кроме всего прочего, Хейл был настоящим ходячим несчастьем, готовым свалиться на голову в любую минуту. Из задумчивости Стратмора вывел звонок мобильного телефона, едва слышный в завывании сирен и свисте пара. Не останавливаясь, он отстегнул телефон от брючного ремня. - Говорите.
Лишь едва слышно шуршали лопасти вентиляторов охлаждения мониторов да доносилось ровное дыхание Дэвида в микрофон, почти прижатый к его рту.
Ты никогда не смог бы проникнуть в почту коммандера. - Ты ничего не понимаешь! - кричал Хейл. - На его компьютере уже стоял жучок! - Он говорил, стараясь, чтобы его слова были слышны между сигналами. - Этот жучок вмонтировал кто-то другой, и я подозреваю, что по распоряжению директора Фонтейна. Я просто попал на все готовое.
В воздухе ощущался едва уловимый запах озона. Остановившись у края люка, Сьюзан посмотрела. Фреоновые вентиляторы с урчанием наполняли подсобку красным туманом.
В ней оказалось такое количество знаков, что ее пришлось перенести в следующую колонку.