health and safety in engineering workshops pdf

Health And Safety In Engineering Workshops Pdf

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Health and safety in engineering workshops

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In the provision of engineering training, the fundamental knowledge, intellectual and practical skills are among the core programmes required for all engineers. This extends to developing ones skills in workshop practice and conducting ones design, make and test projects. Many outlines on safety observances at workplaces are available etc. This study assessed the observance of safety measures in workshop among engineering students of Nigerian.

Data collection tool was a two paged, itemed selfadministered questionnaire with 15 minutes completion time. The questionnaire assessed the demography, housekeeping, personal protective devices, use of equipment, tools, and machineries, first aid and hygiene observation. Six questions assessed their personal action in keeping things in their position and ensuring neatness of the workshop. Seven questions assessed proper dressing for work.

Eight questions assessed use of tools while executing jobs. Six questions assessed machine handling. Twelve questions assessed caution consciousness and four questions assessed attitude towards the use of first aid facilities and personal hygiene and safety consciousness. The questionnaire was hand delivered to 3 rd -5 th year students and completed during students' free week, normally a week before semester examination and to 2 nd year students one week to the end of Students' Work Experience Programme SWEP.

Students absent from school during the period of this study were excluded. Recruitment was voluntary and no incentive was offered.

Prior to participation, aim of the study was explained to the student and informed consent obtained. The results obtained were arranged in tabular forms.

Gender distribution showed that males constituted All participants have adequately participated in practical work coupled with SWEP which offered the students ample opportunity to handle different equipments, tools and machineries.

Before work commences, an assessment of the risks presented by the potential hazards of the job should be carried out. This sounds very formal, and indeed formal risk assessments are normally made by competent and suitably qualified personnel in many working environments, ranging from factories, building sites and demolition sites, to schools, hospitals, shops and even offices [7]. These assessments are then used to manage the risk and to implement health and safety measures to allow work to be carried out as safely as possible [7].

It is this that brought about, the provision of the necessary information on the general safety precaution at entrance of the workshop to be observed in order to avoid hazards.

These rules are very important which if ignored accident is inevitable. The degree of safety achieved in a system depends on the emphasis given [8]. Students are always received at the entrance of the workshop by the workshop instructor who passes on some vital information to them either for a new project to be carried out or for continuation of ongoing one.

Over familiarity and conversance with these instructions as they sound the same most of the time does not equal compliance. The monotonous nature of these instructions makes 33 Whereas 97 Accidents are naturally unforeseen event or occurrence that results in death, injury, or property damage but when they happen, one can't really say they are unanticipated.

Accident; be it acute or mild needs immediate attention. Attending to these challenges immediately they occur before seeking the attention of medical personnel is called first aid [1].

First-aid supplies are provided for emergency use. In some cases, people exposed to these hazards may not show signs of injury or illness for years. But later accumulate and develop to more challenging health issues.

When injuries occur in the workplace, medical help are always available to resolve them. The provision of first aid is not always the problem with most workshops in institutions of higher learning, but usage especially when there is no immediate burn, pain, cut or scratch. When situation like this arises, the students continue their work without letting the instructor know about the injury. Reporting to the instructor for referral to first aid personnel is very important to the worker's life.

Only The eyes or body of technical worker may be exposed to injurious corrosive materials, which demands eye washes or any other suitable equipment for quick drenching or flushing to avoid health mutilation afterward.

Contact with splashed chemical liquids, powders, dusts, fumes, mists, gases, machine lubricants, degreasers, coolants, releasing agents, paint, fuel, cleaners, metal working fluids, gels or grease used around machinery could be harmful. Most of these chemicals can burn, explode, corrode, poison, or irritate. Chemicals and chemical by-products are one of the non-mechanical hazards in workplaces which need to be treated with utmost care.

Peradventure any chemicals or chemical by-products touch any part of the body the same should be washed off. Only 89 Knowing the signs of possible emergencies, such as how to shut down your equipment, where to find and use the fire extinguishers or worst of all how to escape from the workshop in case of overwhelming situation is very important.

Most of the mishaps that happen result in either injury, occupational illness, damage to or loss of equipment or property, or damage to the environment or even death. The risk is the likelihood of it happening.

Therefore it is necessary for one to be fully acquainted with one's working place. A good number of the respondents Good lighting is essential for every workshop.

Artificial light are strategically placed in the workshop over work benches. Machine tools do have supplementary lighting for good vision of the operator. There are times the weather changes and the brightness of workshop dim even at that Engineering works need utmost carefulness and attention because of the implication of poor design and fabrication.

Discussing while operating a machine is very dangerous not only to the personnel working but also to the material, machine and co workers. Every profession has its own dress code that suits the kind of work involved. Proper dress etiquette explains vividly the understanding, one has pertaining to the duties, responsibilities, expectations and requirements in ones profession.

Safety dressing is much more than just professional guise, which necessitate whether you look good or feel comfortable in your outfit. It is a conscious outfit aimed at reducing the chances of injury and safe guarding the personnel involved. Safety outfit accessories include helmet, fitted overall, safety boot, hand gloves, eye shield, muffler and nose cap [9].

Trim fitting clothing is required when doing works in workshop, especially where there is a risk of entanglement. Engineers' overalls with zipped pockets, leather footwear or boots with insulated, non-slip soles and steel toecaps are recommended.

Nitrile or neoprene gloves are mandatory when handling hazardous substances. Wearing dry leather gloves and other appropriate protective clothing is a practical risk control measure that can be taken by individual worker.

Helmets in good conditions are also appropriate for the process and the job, and be in good condition [9]. Table 1. This is protected by wearing safety boot steel toecaps. It is expected that technical or engineering personnel must have these protective devices on before entering the workshop for any technical task.

Possession of these safety gadgets is a step to compliance to the rule of dressing properly. Despite the risk and hazard involved when one is poorly dressed, only 87 A rule not completely obeyed is equivalent to rule ignored.

An average number of the respondents, Dressing properly with appropriate protective clothing is a practical risk control measure that can be taken by individual worker to reduce the chances of injury [7]. If good and appropriate equipment are available and used properly, then the risk of injury is automatically lowered.

Protective equipment and clothing for the face, head, hands, arms and body are the normal risk control measures used to reduce exposure to injury especially radiation during welding processes and others in the immediate vicinity of the process being used [7]. There are many hazards which are fairly easy to be recognized and aware of, particularly some of the chemical hazards. Gases like carbon monoxide and nitrogen are colourless and odourless which make it difficult for one to sense danger when they are emitted [7], [10].

The health effects of exposure to gases like carbon monoxide and fume include irritation of the upper respiratory tract nose and throat , tightness in the chest, wheezing, metal fume fever, lung damage, bronchitis, pneumonia or emphysema [7]. Welding and oxyacetylene cutting processes produce high volumes of gaseous fume. These gases give great risk in breathing. Inhaling dust, spores or gases can cause serious lung injury when doing repair work [7], [9].

In order to take care of this, it is expected that a worker put on nose cap to filter these gases. The use of respirator or nose cap is not a usual practice among the students. Only 31 This might be because there are no immediate threats witnessed. That notwithstanding it does not exterminate health challenges involved. Usage of muffler is not found common among the students as 94 Noise is an everyday occurrence and an industrial workshop can be very noisy. Most operations in the workshop generate noise.

Safety in Engineering Workshops

Workshops are hazardous environments both by nature and the activities people carry out in them. This article outlines common workshop hazards and control measures that you can take to reduce them. There are many jobs associated with workshops, such as carpentry, welding, and paint spraying. Each role comes with different hazards and can make workshops very dangerous places to occupy. The top 15 workshop hazards are:. Workshops are clearly dangerous working environments and so you should do all you can to reduce the level of risk. You should always try to keep the premises tidy and free from obstructions.

Health and safety in engineering workshops

Engineering workshops are common in small and medium-sized businesses across the country. The machines in such workshops perform a large range of tasks. These include welding, sawing, guillotining, grinding, drilling, painting, radiography and bending.

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To ensure you enjoy the best possible online experience with us, this site uses cookies. By using our site, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our cookie policy. Click the accept button to hide this notification. An efficient workshop can be one of the most cost-effective ways of maintaining plant and equipment on site.

This page provides generic guidance for people who run and work in engineering workshops at UCL including those who make their own products and maintain and repair plant and machinery. Safety in workshops is subject to various high-risk assessments. Safe working practices must be observed and adhered to by all workshop users and enforced by the person in charge of these areas.

Health And Safety

Most engineering colleges across the globe include workshop training in the first year, which is common for all engineering disciplines,.

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  1. CicerГіn M.

    This advice also applies to fabrication, maintenance or other workshop-type activities not in the boundaries of a defined workshop area.

    13.04.2021 at 23:50 Reply

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