Library And Information Science Study Material Pdf
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- Library and Information Science (339)
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Library and Information Science Study Material Download PDF in Hindi & English
Library science often termed library studies , bibliothecography , library economy , and informatics [note 1] is an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management , information technology , education , and other areas to libraries ; the collection, organization, preservation , and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information.
Historically, library science has also included archival science. There is no generally agreed-upon distinction between the terms library science and librarianship. To a certain extent they are interchangeable perhaps differing most significantly in connotation. The term library and information studies LIS is most often used;  most librarians consider it as only a terminological variation, intended to emphasize the scientific and technical foundations of the subject and its relationship with information science.
LIS should not be confused with information theory , the mathematical study of the concept of information. Library philosophy has been contrasted with library science as the study of the aims and justifications of librarianship as opposed to the development and refinement of techniques.
He put into practice all the ideas put forth in Advice when given the opportunity to build and maintain the library of Cardinal Jules Mazarin. Martin Schrettinger wrote the second textbook the first in Germany on the subject from to Thomas Jefferson , whose library at Monticello consisted of thousands of books, devised a classification system inspired by the Baconian method , which grouped books more or less by subject rather than alphabetically, as it was previously done.
The Jefferson collection provided the start of what became the Library of Congress. The first American school of librarianship opened at Columbia University under the leadership of Melvil Dewey , noted for his decimal classification , on 5 January as the School of Library Economy. The term library economy was common in the U. Later, the term was used in the title of S. Ranganathan conceived the five laws of library science and the development of the first major analytico-synthetic classification system, the colon classification.
In the United States, Lee Pierce Butler's new approach advocated research using quantitative methods and ideas in the social sciences with the aim of using librarianship to address society's information needs. He was one of the first faculty at the University of Chicago Graduate Library School , which changed the structure and focus of education for librarianship in the twentieth century. This research agenda went against the more procedure-based approach of "library economy," which was mostly confined to practical problems in the administration of libraries.
William Stetson Merrill 's A Code for Classifiers , released in several editions from to ,  is an example of a more pragmatic approach, where arguments stemming from in-depth knowledge about each field of study are employed to recommend a system of classification.
While Ranganathan's approach was philosophical, it was also tied more to the day-to-day business of running a library. A reworking of Ranganathan's laws was published in which removes the constant references to books. Michael Gorman 's Our Enduring Values: Librarianship in the 21st Century features his eight principles necessary by library professionals and incorporate knowledge and information in all their forms, allowing for digital information to be considered.
In more recent years, with the growth of digital technology, the field has been greatly influenced by information science concepts. In the English speaking world the term "library science" seems to have been used for the first time in India  in the book Punjab Library Primer , written by Asa Don Dickinson and published by the University of the Punjab , Lahore, Pakistan. The Punjab Library Primer was the first textbook on library science published in English anywhere in the world.
In , C. Williamson , who was appointed by the Carnegie Corporation, published an assessment of library science education entitled "The Williamson Report," which designated that universities should provide library science training.
Library research and practical work, the area of information science, has remained largely distinct both in training and in research interests. The digital age has transformed how information is accessed and retrieved. All catalogues, databases, and a growing number of books are all available on the Internet. In addition, the expanding free access to open source journals and sources such as Wikipedia have fundamentally impacted how information is accessed.
Academic courses in library science include collection management , information systems and technology, research methods, information literacy , cataloging and classification , preservation , reference , statistics and management. Library science is constantly evolving, incorporating new topics like database management , information architecture and information management , among others. With the mounting acceptance of Wikipedia as a valued and reliable reference source, many libraries, museums and archives have introduced the role of Wikipedian in residence.
Most schools in the US only offer a master's degree in library science or an MLIS and do not offer an undergraduate degree in the subject. About fifty schools have this graduate program, and seven are still being ranked. Many have online programs, which makes attending more convenient if the college is not in a student's immediate vicinity. All the listings can be found here. Most professional library jobs require a professional post-baccalaureate degree in library science, or one of its equivalent terms.
In the United States and Canada the certification usually comes from a master's degree granted by an ALA -accredited institution, so even non-scholarly librarians have an originally academic background. In the United Kingdom, however, there have been moves to broaden the entry requirements to professional library posts, such that qualifications in, or experience of, a number of other disciplines have become more acceptable.
Global standards of accreditation or certification in librarianship have yet to be developed. In academic regalia in the United States , the color for library science is lemon. The degree name is determined by the program. According to 'U. As a result, there may be more workers retiring from this occupation than other occupations.
However, relatively large numbers of graduates from MLS programs may cause competition in some areas and for some jobs. Librarianship manifests a dual career structure for men and women in the United States. While the ratio of female to male librarians remains roughly ,   top positions are more often held by men. In large academic libraries, there is less of a discrepancy; however, overall, throughout the profession, men tend to hold higher or leadership positions.
Ellsworth , Phoenix, Ariz: Oryx Press. There are multiple groups within the American Library Association dedicated to discussing, critiquing, and furthering gender-related and feminist issues within the profession. It was also in that children's librarians, after being unable to find children's books that included working mothers, worked to remedy the situation and succeeded in their efforts. The Committee on the Status of Women in Librarianship COSWL of the American Library Association,  founded in , represents the diversity of women's interest within ALA and ensures that the Association considers the rights of the majority women in the library field, and promotes and initiates the collection, analysis, dissemination, and coordination of information on the status of women in librarianship.
The bibliographic history of women in U. While the GLBTRT deals with sexuality, much of the roundtable's work is arguably feminist in nature, and concerned with issues of gender. Many scholars within the profession have taken up gender and its relationship to the discipline of library and information science. Scholars like Hope A. Olson and Sanford Berman have directed efforts at the problematic nature of cataloging and classification standards and schemes that are obscuring or exclusionary to marginalized groups.
Others have written about the implications of gendered stereotypes in librarianship, particularly as they relate to library instruction. The Association also encourages librarians to proactively support the First Amendment rights of all library users, regardless of sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity or expression.
Adopted , amended , , , ALA encourages all American Library Association chapters to take active stands against all legislative or other government attempts to proscribe materials related to sex, sexual orientation, and gender identity or expression; and encourages all libraries to acquire and make available materials representative of all the people in our society. Adopted , Amended , In , the first female clerk was hired for the Boston Public Library. There was a "Women's Meeting" at the 14th American Libraries Conference, where issues concerning the salaries of women librarians and what female patrons do in reading rooms were discussed.
During the first 35 years of the American Library Association its presidency was held by men. In , an ALA resolution promoting equal pay and opportunities for women in librarianship was defeated by a large margin.
In , Betty Wilson brought forth a resolution that would have had the ALA refrain from using facilities that discriminate against women. That resolution was also defeated by the membership. Also in , Clara Stanton Jones became the first woman and the first African-American to serve as director of a major library system in America, as director of the Detroit Public Library.
In , Effie Lee Morris became the first woman and first black person to serve as president of the Public Library Association. The organization stated that they would no longer hold conferences in states that did not ratify the amendment, with the boycott measure set to take place in At the time, a number of state library associations passed pro-ERA resolutions and formed committees on women in libraries.
In , Carla Hayden became the first female Librarian of Congress. The field of library science seeks to provide a diverse working environment in libraries across the United States. Ways to change the status quo include diversifying the job field with regards to age, class, disabilities, ethnicity, gender identity, race, sex, and sexual orientation. The demographics of America are changing; those who were once minorities will become the majority. The majority of librarians working in the U.
To help change the lack of diversity in library jobs in the U. Most library and information science students do not belong to an underrepresented group and as a reaction to these research statistics, the field is creating ways to encourage more diversity in the classroom. The ALA Annual Research Diversity Grant Program is a way to encourage innovation in scholars and professionals to provide insight into how to diversify the field. The ALA Grant is directed toward those who have valuable and original research ideas that can add to the knowledge of diversity in the field of librarianship.
One way to nurture cultural diversity in the library field is with cultural competencies. Scholars recommend defining skills needed to serve and work with others who belong to different cultures. It is suggested that these definitions be posted in job listings and be referred to when promoting and giving raises.
It is important for more classes to teach about diversity and measure the outcomes. Another strategy is to create interest in the field of library and information science from a young age.
If minorities do not desire to become librarians, they will not seek to obtain an MLS or MLIS and therefore will not fill high job roles in libraries.
A recommended solutions are to create a great experience for all racial group's early on in life. The Office for Diversity is a sector of the American Library Association whose purpose is to aid libraries in providing a diverse workforce, gathering data, and teaching others about the issue of diversity related to the field of library and information science. It publishes a newsletter twice a year and educates individuals and groups about Indian culture.
The Black Caucus of the American Library Association , founded in ,  promotes not only library services that can be enjoyed by the African American community but also the emergence of African American librarians and library professionals. By joining the association, patrons have access to newsletters, the entirety of their website, and networking boards.
Then in the Chinese Librarians Association was founded in California. The organization promotes the Chinese culture through the outlet of libraries and communicates with others in the profession of librarianship. Deaf people have the same needs as any other library visitors, and often have more difficulty accessing materials and services. Over the last few decades, [ when? The history of the role of libraries in the Deaf community in the United States is a sordid one.
Library and Information Science (339)
Web Site. Dewey Decimal Classification. Click Here. Expansive Classification. Library of congress Classification. Universal Decimal Classification.
What is Library Science Education? LIS is that the field of study that teaches the way to manage books and other information, particularly through collecting, preserving, and organizing books and other materials in libraries. If you would like to figure a knowledgeable librarian during a public or academic library, you generally will get to get a Master of Library and Information Science MLS degree. What sorts of belongings do you Study in the library and Information Science? How hard can it be to require care of books?
NET Library & Information Science Question Paper 10 PDF Free Download
Here you will get everything for which you have come to here. Not only Assignments, but you can use it for preparation of Examination and you can get good marks in your Annual Exams with good grade. There 2 assignment for uploaded one revised the other is old please let me know which one is for june new intake.
Lesson - 16A : Library Staff Part 2. Lesson - 16A : Library Staff Part 1. All Rights Reserved.
IGNOU BLIS Study Material
Digital Library is a library in which data is stored in digital formats such as print, microform, or unlike other media and can be accessed by computer. Content can be stored locally, or accessed remotely. You must know that our country is becoming a very fast digital India, the government is coming up with new new apps, schemes, facilities for the public every day to mitigate the problems of the people and also save time. The digital library is not limited to a particular location the user can get their information from anywhere on their computer screen using the Internet. The slain notes were very much liked throughout the place, thank you very much to all the friends and with one thing and your cooperation, the work has been completed. Wishes all you friends advance the librarian exam. Note: We have been fully taken care of by us and HP Education to make these notes and hard work has been made, yet we are sorry if there is any mistake in writing or any mistake.
One of our mentor will revert to you within 48 hours. Meanwhile you can Enjoy the Free Study Material. Library and Information Science is an interdisciplinary field that implements information technology in library science. It includes practice, the study of principles and perspectives of library management. The nature and scopes of library services have been changed radically with the merging of information technology with library science. Many aspirants are unaware of the prominent career benefits of qualifying for this prestigious National Eligibility Test in LIS.
Download Library and Information Science Study Material Pdf free for UGC NET, KVS Librarian, NVS Librarian, DSSSB Librarian, RSMSSB.
Library science often termed library studies , bibliothecography , library economy , and informatics [note 1] is an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management , information technology , education , and other areas to libraries ; the collection, organization, preservation , and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. Historically, library science has also included archival science. There is no generally agreed-upon distinction between the terms library science and librarianship.
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ГЛАВА 103 Стратмор возник из аварийного люка подобно Лазарю, воскресшему из мертвых.