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- Construction Planning And Management Pdf
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Construction Planning And Management Pdf
Construction project management typically includes complicated tasks that can shift wildly, depending on the work at hand, and it requires strong skills in communication, deep knowledge of the building process, and the ability to problem-solve. Construction project management is a complex field, requiring knowledge in many different areas like finance, mediation, law, business, and more.
Smartsheet enables you to track each project with its own dedicated project sheet and get a unified view across all projects in a dashboard. Monitor tasks across projects and capture on-site issues through a simple form on desktop or mobile. Watch a free demo. As long as there have been complex building projects, there have been project managers. For centuries, however, the person overseeing the construction of a complex building was often the architect, which is thought to be the case in ancient structures like the Great Pyramids of Egypt and the aqueducts of Rome.
Into the Renaissance, individual architects began to be known for their designs, like Sir Christopher Wren of England. Wren designed and built buildings in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, including the masterpiece St. Wren had a breadth of knowledge that would foreshadow the types of skills needed on a complicated construction project, with expertise in advanced mathematics and physics, as well as in design.
He was on his building sites every day overseeing every phase of the works. The rules of project management began to take shape across corporate America around the time of World War II, and by the s, they were guiding civil construction projects.
This meant that the phases and tenets of managing a construction engineering project were now being applied to a variety of corporate projects. More and more details of managing a construction project can be done digitally see software section below , and that trend is expected to grow.
Mobile-friendly technology and software are set to play a major role in the field, as a younger workforce is more comfortable with the technology, and it will allow the work to be managed and tracked from anywhere. Construction project managers shoulder the responsibility of keeping the project moving according to plan.
The goal is to manage the project so that it finishes on schedule and within budget, while still meeting building codes, plans, and specs. A construction project manager may also be charged with setting the parameters, finances, and calendar; vetting and hiring subcontractors and on-site workers; developing a strategy for potential conflict resolution; and more. To qualify for consideration, contractors must be able to show they can handle public safety; decision-making, engineering, drafting, human resources, and time, cost, and quality management.
The contractors who meet these guidelines are then chosen through low-bid selection, best-value selection, or qualifications-based selection — all common measures. When a project owner is ready to get started, the owner will share project information to a large group of contractors, general contractors, or subcontractors to solicit bids.
The process starts with a cost estimate from blueprints and material take-offs, telling the owner how much money he or she should expect to pay for the contractor to complete the project.
Whether the owner chooses an open or a closed bid process for the project, the bids will then come in, and the selection of a contractor can commence based on a number of criteria:. The next and final step after an owner chooses a contractor is to negotiate a payment agreement.
Both parties typically select from four payment models:. With this plan, the construction manager commits to completing the project for a guaranteed maximum price GMP and plays two roles: He or she is a consultant to the owner through development and design pre-construction services , then shifts to general contractor responsibilities during construction. Thus, the fundamental character of the professional relationship is changed.
In addition to acting in the owner's interest, the construction manager must control construction costs to stay within the GMP. Because the arrangement guarantees a maximum payment, low bids are typically not considered. Instead, the construction manager will work toward fulfilling the financial goal through other avenues. The advantage of a CM at-risk arrangement is budget management. Before a project's design is completed six to 18 months of coordination between designer and owner , the construction manager is involved with estimating the cost of constructing a project based on the goals of the designer and owner design concept and the project's scope, all while achieving optimal quality.
The construction manager will have to be ready for potential changes to balance the costs, schedule, quality, and scope of the project while still meeting the financial goals. For example, instead of a redesign, the construction manager may suggest modifications instead. Or if the owner decides to expand the project, the team will have to make adjustments before pricing. To keep a handle on the budget before design is complete and construction crews are called up, the construction manager conducts site visits and purchases major items ahead of demand.
Drawbacks : A cost overrun could cost the construction manager a great deal of money. The CM is allowed some mistake-related contingency, so there is a possibility that they will compensate by reducing the scope of the work to fit the GMP.
Also, since the GMP is decided before design begins, it is difficult for owners to know whether they received the best possible bid. Bottom Line : An at-risk delivery method is best for large projects — both complete construction and renovation — that are not easy to define, have a possibility of changing in scope, or must meet strict schedule deadlines. It can also be an efficient method in projects containing technical complexity, multitrade coordination, or multiple phases.
Accelerated Construction Techniques : Starting with its Accelerated Bridge Program in the late s, the Massachusetts Department of Transportation began employing accelerated construction techniques, in which it signs contracts with incentives for early completion and penalties for late completion, and uses intense construction during longer periods of complete closure to shorten the overall project duration and reduce cost.
The federal and California Departments of Transportation also employed this technique after the Northridge earthquake in to speed up repair of freeways in the Los Angeles area. The bidding process is usually consistent no matter the type of construction project, but you can expect two business models in the construction industry:. As noted in the two above models, the bidding process begins with the design phase. The design stage itself can be broken down into different approaches.
After the bidding process is finished, the construction phase can then start. Although the stages of a construction project are different than that of traditional project management, they follow a similar pattern.
Before the project starts, a project manager must develop and evaluate the business case to determine if the project is feasible and worth undertaking. Stakeholders may be asked to do their due diligence and to conduct feasibility testing, if needed. When all parties agree to proceed with the project, the project manager writes a project charter or project initiation document PID , which includes both the business needs and the business case.
Next, the project team develops a road map for all involved. This includes the project management plan PMP , a formal, approved document created by the project manager to guide execution and control, as well as set baselines for scope, cost, and schedule. You can also expect to see these documents in the planning phase:. Work breakdown structure WBS : This document breaks down the scope of the project into visual, manageable chunks. Communication plan : This outlines all aspects of communication, from goals and objectives to roles to tools and methods.
The communication plan creates a common framework that everyone can work from to avoid misunderstandings or conflict. Now the work begins. Typically, all parties hold a kickoff meeting, then the project team begins the crucial work of assigning resources, implementing project management plans, setting up tracking systems, completing tasks, updating the project schedule, and if necessary, modifying the project plan. The monitoring phase often happens concurrently with the execution phase. This phase is necessary to measure progress and performance and to ensure that items are in line with the overall project management plan.
The project team then creates a punch list of any lingering tasks, performs a final budget, and issues a project report. Learn more about the phases of project management. We asked six construction project management experts about their No. Get out in the field, get your boots muddy, and show respect to the trades who actually do the work of getting projects built.
It's important that entry-level CMs understand the many field elements, such as weather, site conditions, limited lay down space, traffic congestion, etc. Bad news is just as important as good news. Making sure all stakeholders in the project are aware of what is happening on the job will minimize the phone calls, emails, and conference calls in the midst of trying to fix or recover from an issue onsite.
Successful CMs are nimble and informed and understand the implications of these many changes. The old way of doing things is disappearing; keeping up to date on everything from standards and codes, to construction practices, to collaborative project delivery and more will be required.
It also encompasses daily and weekly planning through the life of the project to ensure all tasks are completed. You have to communicate with your team, subcontractors, suppliers, your client, designers, local authorities and sometimes neighbors and members of the public. Never take anything for granted. The construction management profession demands complete attention, great commitment and excellent learning and analytics skills.
Live the project in its day to day and never forget to prepare for the unexpected. That was actually one of the major reasons why we created Construction Junkie. The construction industry may still do some of the same things we've done for decades, but there's always room for improvement and things should always be improving. Just look at the advances being made in concrete right now.
Concrete has been used for centuries, but now scientists are figuring out ways for it to heal its own cracks and others are engineering ways to make permeable concrete strong enough for heavy concrete. If we stop learning, progress stops with it. Here are some top construction management books for beginners, either students or those just entering the field:.
Readers will find out what it takes to be a construction manager with an aptitude quiz, learn the ins and outs of contract documentation, and build and maintain a project schedule. Learn more about Jackson's book. Alison Dykstra, an architect and construction management teacher, offers an introduction to managing contracted construction projects in 25 chapters.
The book walks through the early development stage through bidding, selecting a contractor, the construction itself, and closing out. She also covers frequently asked questions, like who the players are in construction and what each one does, and the link between the type of contract and how the contractor gets paid. Learn more about Dykstra's book.
Geared toward construction professionals and students, this book by a construction professional provides a step-by-step guide to successfully managing a project, including a list of things not to do to avoid costly mistakes. Readers will learn about planning the project, scheduling, people, materials, quality, safety, subcontractors, contracts, finance, and more.
Learn more about Netscher's book. This book introduces all aspects of construction management to students and professionals. It covers each stage of the construction project from conception to completion, design-build, and build-own-operate-transfer, and it discusses environmental issues important in 21st-century practice. This massive and exhaustive reference book for the Australian construction industry is frequently updated.
Now in its 35th edition, the handbook includes increased coverage of green design, sustainability, environmental management, and more. Informative Articles on Construction Project Management. Even more valuable resources on construction project management can be found on the internet in the form of articles and reports. Here are two such documents that flesh out the role of the construction project manager in the building process.
This article breaks down the overlap between project management and construction management, outlining how knowledge of one can feed into the other. The construction management life cycle begins at the same time as the bidding process, but once the contract has been finalized, the meat of the project can start.
Construction project management typically includes complicated tasks that can shift wildly, depending on the work at hand, and it requires strong skills in communication, deep knowledge of the building process, and the ability to problem-solve. Construction project management is a complex field, requiring knowledge in many different areas like finance, mediation, law, business, and more. Smartsheet enables you to track each project with its own dedicated project sheet and get a unified view across all projects in a dashboard. Monitor tasks across projects and capture on-site issues through a simple form on desktop or mobile. Watch a free demo. As long as there have been complex building projects, there have been project managers.
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What is construction planning?
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Peurifoy, Clifford J. To make this book accessible to both professionals and students, hundreds of photos and illustrations are provided. The book also explains machine capabilities and how it is applied to construction challenges.
Peurifoy, Clifford J. To make this book accessible to both professionals and students, hundreds of photos and illustrations are provided. The book also explains machine capabilities and how it is applied to construction challenges. In order to present the latest information on machines and methods, figures used throughout the text have been updated. Utilization of machines always involves a safety risk.
By: Dan Taylor on July 23, But what exactly is construction planning and what does a successful construction planning process look like? With an assist from the latest construction software and a five-step process, you can radically transform your business into a well-oiled machine that consistently finishes projects on time and on budget. Construction planning is the specific process construction managers use to lay out how they will manage and execute a construction project, from designing the structure to ordering materials to deploying workers and subcontractors to complete various tasks.
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